There are various significant landmarks and historical places located in Varanasi are very distinctive in their appearance and most come in the form of grand Indian temples, often close to the riverfront ghats.
The most significant of these religious landmarks include Sankat mochan temple, the Durga and the extremely famous Vishwanath Temple (Golden Temple), which is partly covered in shiny golden.
Varanasi, also known as Benares or Banaras is the holiest of the seven sacred cities in Hinduism and Jainism, and played an important role in the development of Buddhism
Why to visit Varanasi ?
Varanasi is also known by other names as Benaras and Kashi. It is a one among oldest cities in world where you can find the deep roots of Hindu religion which is oldest religion and civilization in this earth.
Varanasi is celebrated as the place where the most profound wisdom dwelt, the seat of all enlightenment and learning.
What to visit in Varanasi
Varanasi is also famous for housing numerous temples. Several temples in Varanasi have great religious and historical importance in Hinduism. There are many temples, erected at different times throughout the history of Varanasi. Some of the popular temples are listed herein.
- Baba Keenaram Sthal: Headquarters and location of the world-famous Pilgrim of Aghora sect. Work place of great saint Baba Keenaram. One of the most visited places in Varanasi, by researchers, documentary makers, writers and tourists.
- Bharat Mata Mandir: Bharat Mata Mandir (“Mother India Temple”) is located on the Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith campus in Varanasi, India. Instead of traditional statues of Gods and Goddesses, this temple has a huge map of undivided India carved in marble. This temple is dedicated to Mother India and claims to be the only one of its kind in the world
- Durga Mandir: The architecture of Durga Mandir is of a Nagara Style, which is typical of North India. The temple has a rectangular tank of water called the Durga Kund (“Kund” meaning a pond or pool.) The temple has multi-tiered spires and is stained red with ochre, representing the red colour of Durga. The Kund was initially connected directly to the river thus the water was automatically replenished. This channel was later closed, locking off the water supply, which is replenished only by rain or drainage from the Temple.
- Sankata Devi Mandir: Sankata Devi Mandir is situated near the Sindhia Ghat, there is an important temple of the “Goddess of Remedy”, Devi Sankatha. Inside its premises there is a huge statue of a lion. There are also nine temples of nine planets near to this temple.
- Sankat Mochan Mandir: Sankat Mochan Mandir is dedicated to Lord Hanuman. It is very popular with locals. It is the location for many yearly religious as well as cultural festivals.
- Annapurna Devi Mandir: Annapurna Devi Mandir is located near the Kashi Vishwanath temple, there is a nice temple of Devi Annapurna, believed to be the “Goddess of Food”. She is a form of Parvati. She is also known as Kashipuraadeeshwari (“Queen of
- Kashi Vishwanath Temple: Kashi Vishwanath Temple is one of the most famous Hindu temples and is dedicated to Lord Shiva. This is one of the most worshiped Shiva temple in Hinduism and has been mentioned in the Puranas including the Kashi Khanda (section) of Skanda Purana. The original Vishwanath temple was destroyed by the army of Qutb-ud-din Aibak in 1194 CE, when he defeated the Raja of Kannaujas a commander of Mohammad Ghori. The temple has been destroyed and rebuilt several times in the past 800 years and the existing structure was erected in 18th century.
- Kaal Bhairav Mandir: Kaal Bhairav Mandir is an ancient temple of Varanasi near the main Post Office, VishesharGanj. Lord Kaal Bhairav is believed to be the “Kotwal of Varanasi”. Without his permission no one can stay in Kashi.
- New Vishwanath Mandir (Birla Mandir): The New Vishwanath Mandir, also called Birla Mandir, mainly funded by Birla family, was built as a replica of the old Kashi Vishwanath Temple.
Dasaswamedh Ghat or Ganga aart and boating in evening
Aarti ceremony in the evening is the most spectacular part.
Sunrise Ganga Boating
It can be your life best moment. If you want to feel spiritual energy you must do sunrise ganga boating. Boating down the Ganges River during sunrise is one of the main attractions in Varanasi. if you want to explore hindu culture then sunrise boating can be best option.
The Banaras Hindu University is an internationally reputed University established in 1916 by Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya. With a campus, spanning across 1300 acres, and buildings as majestic as forts. A very green and peaceful campus. This is the largest residential university of Asia. Try to find these things here:
- The Vishwanath Temple
- The Bharat Kala Bhawan
- The Trauma Center (state of the art hospital)
- An Airstrip!
- A World War II fighter plane
- A Silver Plated Rolls Royce
Approx 10 kms away from Varanasi lies the oldest site museum of the Archeological survey of India. Located right next to the excavated site, this museum has over five galleries and sculptures, artifacts dated from the 3rd Century BC to the 12th Century AD.
If visiting in October/November one can see the festival of lights. The special decorations, ceremonies at the temples, and aarti ceremony at the ghats are spectacular.
Explore on Foot
The narrow lanes crowded with cows, bulls, speeding bicycles is a fantastic experience. One look at the old buildings and you are drawn to its culture and tradition. It is an adventure plus a lifetime opportunity with a terrific photo chance to passage down these ancient alleys of history. Plus, all the gallis either run towards or parallel to the ghats, so you’d never be lost in this gripping city.
- Poori-Alu breakfast
- Lassi, Malaiyoo and rabri at Pehelwaan Lassi
- Laddoos of Sankatmochan Temple
- Banarasi Paan
- Kashi Chaat Bhandaar
- Any indian food, you can ask from a loacl citizen or guide.